Monnet, Jean

   An architect of modern Europe, Jean Monnet was born in Cognac and during World War I represented France on the Inter-Maritime Commission, which arranged the purchases and transport of raw materials. From 1919 to 1923, he served as first deputy secretary-general of the League of Nations. From 1923 to 1938, he was in charge of stabilization loans and the economic reorganization of Poland and Romania, as well as the reorganization of railroads in China. At the beginning of World War II, he was appointed by the French and British governments to be president of the coordinating committee of the Allied war effort. In August 1940, as a member of the British council for war supplies, he left for Washington, D.C., to help coordinate the common war effort. In June 1943, he became part of the Committee of National Liberation and served in the Free French movement in Algiers and in London. As president of the French war supplies committee, he signed (1945) the lend-lease agreements with the united states. in 1946, Monnet was involved in the implementation of his plan for French economic recovery through systematic increases in production. A supporter of the concept of European unity, he was the initiator of the Declaration of May 9, 1950, which established the basis for the European Coal and Steel Community (CECA), also known as the schuman Plan. First president of the High Commission of the CECA (1952-55), Monnet left that post to devote himself fully to the goal of European unity. In 1955, he founded the Action Committee for a united states of Europe, which played a decisive role in implementing the principles of the Treaty of Rome and establishing the European Economic Community. For Monnet, European unity always remained a tangible possibility. His Mémoires were published in 1976. See also European union.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monnet, Jean — born Nov. 9, 1888, Cognac, France died March 16, 1979, Houjarray French economist and diplomat. He managed his family s brandy business before becoming a partner of an investment bank (1925). In World War II he chaired a Franco British economic… …   Universalium

  • Monnet, Jean — (9 nov. 1888, Cognac, Francia–16 mar. 1979, Bazoches sur Guyonne, Yvelines). Diplomático y economista francés. Dirigió su empresa familiar de coñac antes de convertirse en socio de un banco de inversiones (1925). En la segunda guerra mundial… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Monnet,Jean — Mon·net (mō nāʹ), Jean. 1888 1979. French economist and politician who laid the plans for the Common Market. * * * …   Universalium

  • Monnet, Jean —  (1888–1979) French statesman; but Claude Monet for the artist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Jean-Monnet-Lehrstuhl — Jean Monnet Jean Omer Marie Gabriel Monnet (* 9. November 1888 in Cognac, Poitou Charentes, Frankreich; † 16. März 1979 bei Paris) war französischer Unternehmer und Staatsmann. Er gilt als einer der Gründerväter der Europäischen Gemeinschaften… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MONNET (J.) — MONNET JEAN (1888 1979) Pour l’entreprise de cognac de son père, le jeune Jean Monnet reçoit la mission de prospecter les marchés étrangers, notamment ceux de l’Amérique du Nord. Placé, en 1914, à Londres, dans les comités alliés constitués pour… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jean-charles monnet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monnet. Jean Charles Monnet est un navigateur et un skipper français, né en 1984. Biographie Il habite à Putot en Bessin dans le Calvados. Palmarès 2001 : 3e du Championnat de France Espoir 20 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monnet — (Jean) (1888 1979) économiste et homme politique français. Président (1952 1955) de la C.E.C.A., il oeuvra à l unité européenne …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jean Monnet — 48°50′46″N 2°20′45″E / 48.84611, 2.34583 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Monnet — No debe confundirse con Monet. Jean Omer Marie Gabriel Monnet Presidente de la Alta Autoridad de la Comunidad Europea del Carbón y del Acero 1952 –  …   Wikipedia Español

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